These are the species of flowering plant and shrub that we found in the forest.
Snowberry or Waxberry (Symphoricarpos albus)
0.5-2 m tall
Oval leaves and many small twigs.
Flowers are pinkish-white, bell-shaped and grow in clusters (in the summer)
Fruits are small round white berries that stay on through much of winter.
Taxonomy: Common Snowberry/Waxberry
Q and A: Who eats this? the common snowberry is resistant to deer but it can attract birds that will consume the waxy white berries. History- the common snowberry is considered poisonous by aboriginal peoples and is often referred to as the "corpse berry" or "snake's berry" because one or two of the berries were eaten by an aboriginal man and he died, supposedly from eating too much fatty food, and not the berries.
Oregon Grape(Mahonia aquifolium)
up to 60 cm long.
pairs of spiny leaves growing from stem.
leaves turn purple and red in the winter.
has bright yellow flowers in the summer.
round blue berries most of the year.
Q and A: Who eats this? Humans eat this and today it is used to make jellies and wine History- A Saanich woman discovered that eating the berry in large quantities was the only antidote known for shellfish poisoning.
Up to 2 m tall.
5 petal flowers that are large and white and produce sweet red berries.
Q and A: Who eats this? Thimbleberries were eaten by all Northwest Coast people. History- Aboriginal peoples often mixed the Thimbleberries with raspberries and black caps, drying the, and putting them into cakes.
This is what the Thimbleberry looks like when it's summer time.
*Himalayan Blackberry(Rubus armeniacus)
3-4 ft tall and wide
dark green coloured leaves with small bristles on the outside
berries grow almost year round and range from dark blue to bright red
Q and A:
Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis)
large green leaves (if you fold over the top leaf the two parallel to each other look like butterfly wings)
similar appearance to blackberries but only bright red coloured berries
Q and A: Who eat this? Eaten by indigenous peoples. The berries were eaten with salmon or mixed with oolichan grease or salmon roe. History: Salmonberry are native to the west coast of North America from west central Alaska to California, inland as far as Idaho. J.S.
Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica)
soft leaves that grow from the stem in pairs of two
very painful to the touch !
green leaves that gradually get smaller going to the head of the stem
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